2001 Ferrari 360 Spider

The Ferrari 360 Spider is Ferrari's 20th street going convertible. In terms of engineering, seems, and performance it's miles the great production spider Maranello has ever produced. Thanks to the exceptional know-how Ferrari has collected as a Formula 1 constructor, it's far the maximum technologically advanced convertible available.

Despite the auto's mid-hooked up 400bhp V8 engine, Ferrari engineers found a manner of making a roof that automatically folds into its very own well among the cabin and the engine bay, accordingly making sure purity of line. The intrinsic first-class of the layout is underlined by way of the two fairings in the bodywork to the rear of the seats which evoke reminiscences of traditional Ferraris. These are matched by the two roll hoops that provide most protection for both of the automobile's occupants. With the pinnacle up the auto is competitive, emphasizing the V8 seen thru engine cover. Lowering the fully automatic roof transforms the Ferrari 360 Spider, highlighting its connection to exceptional sports activities racers. As sturdy and rigid because the Berlinetta, the Ferrari 360 Spider offers overall performance nearly identical to the coupe model, reaching a pinnacle pace over 180mph while weighing slightly 130lbs greater and supplying the identical quantity of room for the occupants and their baggage.

Design

The maximum hanging factor of the Ferrari 360 Spider's styling is its convertible top. With amazing care, using the exquisite form of the Ferrari 360 Modena as a start line, the engineers and designers created a stylish and tremendously effective, fully automatic folding roof. Top down, the Spider's rear fairings evoke the remarkable technology of sports activities racing motors, smoothing the lines of the roll hoops that guard the occupants. A design excursion-de-force, the Spider gives nothing away to the berlinetta on the street, the tune, or the side road.

The Ferrari 360 Spider capabilities a completely automated roof. The driving force needs handiest to gradual under 3mph and press a button to have the roof completely disappear into - or reappear from - the special properly among the engine and cabin in a mere 20 seconds. No matter the seating positions, the roof can close to form a complete seal with the windshield or open to permit in all the sunshine. The mechanism involves a complex two-degree action wherein the roof folds double earlier than it slips internal its compartment to be included through its own special tonneau product of excessive-density SMC to lessen noise. The roof's invisible frame is crafted from a combination of cast aluminum and pressed steel factors, pushed by electro-hydraulic actuators. The roof is to be had in four colours.
2001 Ferrari 360 Spider

2001 Ferrari 360 Spider

2001 Ferrari 360 Spider

2001 Ferrari 360 Spider

2001 Ferrari 360 Spider

2001 Ferrari 360 Spider

2001 Ferrari 360 Spider

2001 Ferrari 360 Spider


Structure

Like the Ferrari 360 Modena, the Ferrari 360 Spider is made typically of aluminum. It is consequently extraordinarily mild and extremely sturdy. Thanks to its aluminum alloy body and frame, bonded with special Feran welds, the Ferrari 360 Spider is as torsionally and flexionally inflexible as its berlinetta counterpart. While most of the body is of aluminum, the rigid tonneau that covers the folded roof, and the bath wherein the folded roof and mechanism are living, are fashioned from sound-decreasing SMC. The roof itself is made from bonded fabric and features an interchangeable PVC rear display screen.

For the Spider, the Ferrari 360 Modena's chassis has been adapted to optimise static and dynamic pressure. This worried strengthening the sills, stiffening the the front of the floorpan and remodeling the windscreen frame. The rear bulkhead has additionally been stiffened to isolate the cabin from engine sounds. The result is a structural efficiency and a dynamic reaction that sets new standards for open car chassis and body shell creation. The occupants of the Ferrari 360 Spider are ensconced with the aid of an extremely-protective safetycage, sponsored up by means of two tubular steel roll hoops that form an vital a part of the hood system and work with the windscreen reinforcement to offer maximum resistance in rollover situations. The whole roll bar shape is likewise coated in a unique cloth that step by step absorbs power in the location around the occupants' heads beneath its soft Connolly leather trim.

Drivetrain

The Ferrari 360 Spider's five-valve in keeping with cylinder, three.6 liter V8 engine produces 400bhp and is centrally mounted with dry-sump lubrication. The oil tank is positioned, F1-fashion, at the spacer among the longitudinal engine and unitary gearbox. Pick-up is fantastic way to terrific torque peaking at 275lb-ft at 4750rpm, eighty% of that available at just 3000rpm. The engine's flexibility approach that the auto is relaxing and clean to drive even in heavy traffic. Power output is a report-breaking 400bhp at eight,500rpm (112bhp per liter) the best unique output but accomplished via a clearly-aspirated V8 production engine. The energy unit capabilities a variable geometry intake device, five-predominant bearing crankshaft with counter-balanced one hundred eighty° crank throws, titanium con rods, 5 valves according to cylinder (three consumption, 2 exhaust, the latter with variable valve timing for advanced performance at excessive speeds) and a Bosch ME 7.3 digital engine management gadget which, thru the CAN - Controlled Area Network - lets in the injection gadget to transmit and obtain records from the ignition which is integrated with the power-via-cord electronic accelerator linked to the ASR traction manipulate and, in which geared up, the device that manages the F1 electro-hydraulic transmission.

The drive-via-cord device incorporates a motorized throttle regulating air induction. On the Ferrari 360, the accelerator pedal turns on a potentiometer related to a pair of engine control gadgets. The CAN system also allows the diverse control gadgets to communicate with the ASR traction manipulate machine and the F1 gearbox control in order that, deliberating performance parameters and car pace, the engine control gadget comes to a decision on the suitable throttle attitude. The power-via-twine machine makes a crucial contribution during gearshifts, ensuring they take vicinity on the engine velocity advocated by way of the manipulate unit. The Ferrari 360 Spider has benefited pretty from Ferrari's enjoy with Formula 1 engine generation, which additionally contributed variable-length intake manifolds to optimize torque in any respect engine speeds. The machine carries  plenums every supplying air to at least one bank of cylinders, either thru brief direct tracts related to the equal financial institution or via longer indirect ones connected to the opposite bank thru valves.

The Ferrari 360 Spider's 6-pace gearbox is available with both the conventional gate-shift or the F1-fashion paddle shift. The guide machine offers triple cone synchronizers on 1st and 2nd gears, with a double cone at the others. The single dry plate grasp has coaxial hydraulic pressure and the constrained slip differential has unique locking probabilities (25% on acceleration and 45% on raise off). Ferrari introduced paddle shift to Formula 1 and this solution is now used by all groups. The Ferrari 360 Spider's F1 transmission, which modifications gears in a trifling a hundred and fifty milliseconds, has an optimized complete computerized alternative in addition to guide mode, and a low grip Snow and Ice mode. Manual changes are effected through the two paddles in the back of the guidance wheel - the right paddle selects a higher ratio, even as the left drops a tools. The pedal-less take hold of is routinely activated through the gearbox's electronic control unit, and engages most effective whilst the engine revs are accurate. If the sports suspension putting has been selected the gearbox software program adapts the rate of changes to fit, and the Ferrari 360 Spider is hence strong in situations past the skills of maximum sports activities automobiles.

Suspension

The Ferrari 360 Spider has notable street dynamics way to a protracted wheelbase, wide the front music, a awesome suspension geometry, and digital control. The vehicle rides on an adjustable suspension with dual aluminum wishbones front and rear. Anti-dive and anti-squat geometries are included the front and rear so the car stays stage under braking and acceleration. The aluminum dampers, co-designed with Sachs, are geared up with an digital control unit. All body and wheel movements are for this reason guided in a method that takes just zero.04 seconds to take away any rolling or pitching.

Befitting a high-performance sports activities vehicle, the Ferrari 360 Spider's brakes include massive 13" diameter vented and pass-drilled discs with touchy hydraulically actuated two-piston aluminum calipers, managed via a braking attempt proportioning valve and an ABS device that forestalls wheel lock-up in deceleration. The massive rotors additionally assist maintain a low thermal load, and enhance resistance to fading with out forced cooling. Although Ferrari engineers located emphasis on decelerative balance, the Ferrari 360 Spider stops in record brief distances.

Interior

The cabin of the Ferrari 360 Spider is equal to the coupe's: the first matters of word are the convenience of get right of entry to offered by means of the sufficient door aperture, whether the roof is up or down, and the striking impact of the aluminum kick panel that remembers the light-weight but extraordinarily inflexible extruded aluminum sill underneath. The Spider's indoors dimensions are truly same to those of the berlinetta, providing a far more spacious cabin than the Ferrari F355 Spider, proper right down to the golfing bag slot at the back of the seats. The only variations are the realistic, electrically operated strongbox set between the two seats on the centre of the roll bar structure and the 2 storage nets on every facet of the rear console. The Ferrari 360 Spider is to be had with a desire of 12 special Connolly leather trim alternatives, highlighting the aluminum detailing that displays the auto's sophisticated production era. All the main units are grouped in a binnacle inside the motive force's line of sight, with the tachometer placed centrally. The 3-spoke steerage wheel includes a considerable airbag.
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2001 Ferrari 360 Spider
2001 Ferrari 360 Spider
Reviewed by gardu laut
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Rating : 4.5

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